Credit Reform Accounts
The Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (FCRA) was enacted to accomplish four objectives:
- measure the costs of Federal credit programs more accurately;
- place the cost of credit programs on a budgetary basis equivalent to other Federal spending;
- encourage the delivery of benefits in the form most appropriate to the needs of beneficiaries; and
- improve the allocation of resources among credit programs and between credit and other spending programs.
Agencies that borrow for Credit Reform Accounts follow standardized processes for establishing accounts, creating borrowing agreements, accruing interest, and processing principal and interest transactions.
To Establish New Treasury Account Symbols
Agencies with new borrowing authority should contact:
- Office of Management and Budget (OMB) budget representative,
- Treasury’s Budget Reporting Branch (BAASGroup@fiscal.treasury.gov).
- OMB Circular A-11 Section 79.4 (How do I request new accounts, changes to existing accounts in MAX?)
- Treasury Financial Manual Chapter 1500 (Description of Accounts Relating to Financial Operations)
To Establish a New Credit Reform Agreement
Prior to borrowing or collecting interest on uninvested funds under FCRA, agencies must e-mail a completed Required Information for Establishing Credit Reform Agreements form to the Federal Investments and Borrowings Branch (FIBB) (Borrowings@fiscal.treasury.gov). Fiscal Service will draft the Credit Reform agreement, which will be signed by the agency and then by the Assistant Commissioner of Fiscal Accounting for the Bureau of the Fiscal Service.
Template/Example: Credit Reform Agreement.
All principal borrowing and repayment transactions should be submitted by borrowing agencies through the Agency Transaction Module of the Central Accounting Reporting System (CARS). Use the following link for more information on Obtaining access to CARS or call the Treasury Support Center (877-440-9476).
- All FCRA borrowings, other than borrowings to pay interest, must have a CARS Effective Date of October 1st of the current fiscal year.
- Borrowings to pay interest must have CARS Transaction and Effective Dates of September 30th of the current fiscal year.
- Repayments of principal can be transacted throughout the fiscal year and must have CARS Transaction and Effective Dates equal to or greater than the date the transaction is certified in CARS.
- Borrowing and repayment transactions must be submitted by 3:00 pm ET to ensure same day processing.
Borrowing agencies will need access to the Intra-governmental Payments and Collections (IPAC) System for non-principal transactions. Use the following link for more information on Obtaining access to the IPAC System or call the Treasury Support Center (877-440-9476).
Treasury’s Interest Receivable from borrowing agencies is accrued throughout the fiscal year by FIBB using the previous fiscal year’s single effective rate (default); OR an updated rate estimate provided by the borrowing agency.
Treasury’s Interest Payable to borrowing agencies is accrued throughout the fiscal year by FIBB based on the previous fiscal year’s interest collection from Treasury; OR an accrual estimate provided monthly by the borrowing agency.
The actual interest rates used for Interest Payable to and Interest Receivable from Treasury are provided each fiscal year in OMB’s Credit Subsidy Calculator (CSC). The CSC is normally made available by OMB ten business days prior to each fiscal year-end on the OMB MAX website. OMB can be contacted by phone at 202-395-3945 or by e-mail at CSC2@omb.eop.gov.
Each month, FIBB posts a summary report containing outstanding principal debt and related interest balances for all borrowing accounts. A monthly detailed report containing outstanding principal debt and related interest balances at the security level is available for each individual borrowing account. Also, FIBB posts a quarterly report containing interest balances associated with Treasury’s Credit Reform: Interest Paid on Uninvested Funds account. These reports can be found on the Federal Borrowings Program Reports page.
- TFM Volume I, Part 2, Chapter 4600 Provides Treasury's reporting instructions for Federal credit program agencies.
- TFM Volume I, Part 2, Chapter 4700 Describes how agencies provide data for the Financial Report of the United States Government.
- OMB Circular A-11, Part 5 Provides guidance on preparing the budget and instructions on budget execution.
- OMB MAX System Provides government-wide advanced collaboration, information sharing, data collection, publishing, and analytical capabilities for Federal agencies and partners.
- Expenditure-Receipt Account Crosswalk Displays the appropriate trading partner information for Federal Borrowings Program-related intragovernmental reporting.